Thursday, May 28, 2020

UC Admissions--Proposition 209

Before 1998, the different subsections of the University of California gave certain races an advantage in admissions. Several people claimed that this was racist and unjust. Proposition 209, stating that racial and sex preference was banned from state university admissions, employment, and contracting was passed in 1996 but did not become affective until 1998. Though the point of the Proposition was to give majorities a more fair chance to get into universities, it ended up making it so disadvantaged minorities had a more difficult time being admitted into colleges. Preferences for disadvantaged races in university admissions is important because several ethnicities (such as African-American) have been discriminated against for generations and often live in a culture in which they are surrounded by poverty and poorly educated role models. Without Proposition 209, disadvantaged minorities would have an easier opportunity to attend college and excel, so both the minorities and the univ ersities would be better off. Society has said that giving one ethnicity an advantage in admissions makes it so that someone of a different race does not get into the university, even if the rejected party has better merit (e.g. GPA and SAT scores). This is wrong because it is necessary to separate admission standards for different races in order for certain ethnicities to progress.Admission statistics, after Propositon 209 took affect, shows that the proposition did not affect whites by as much as hoped it would. In 1998, at the University of California, Berkeley only 191 Black students were admitted, compared to the 562 black students admitted the previous year--a decline of 34%. Admissions for Hispanics in 1998 was 434, down from the 1,045 admitted in 1997. Meanwhile, the number of whites decreased by only 51 students in 1998 at Berkeley. After Proposition 209 there was only a 2% difference in the number of white students admitted to the university, meanwhile 34% of black people were affected in a negative way. It is clear that white people (a major ethnicity at the University of California, Berkeley) were barely affected when admission officers were banned from giving minorities advantages in the admission process, meanwhile blacks and Hispanics decreased by a lot. That seems more unfair than a few whites being rejected. This proposition was passed in hope that more meritoriously achieved students (mainly whites) would be admitted to universities, instead of minorities, that may not have as high of merits, admitted in the white’s place. In 1973, Allan Bakke applied to the University of California Medical School at Davis (UCD) and was denied admission. Several students with lower GPA and MCAT scores than Bakke were admitted because they were minorities. Bakke went on to sue UCD with the claim that he was excluded on racial grounds. After he sued the university, the Court eliminated the special admissions program and stated that â€Å"race could be a ‘plus’ factor in making admissions decisions but could not set specific quotas for matriculating minority students.† (Martin amp; Sullivan). Bakke had a functional family and had received good education growing up, so his being rejected left an opening for someone who did not have all the privileges and opportunities Bakke had. Bakke had the ability to attend different medical schools after being denied by Davis, but if he had taken a minorities spot, it is possible that minority would not have made it into a different school. The average black freshman's GPA is a 3.43 compared to an average GPA of 3.89 for a whites. This fact may make you think that a university or school would do better without minorities because of their lower grades, but that’s not what is intended. If more and more blacks are admitted, then they could influence other blacks to go to college and do well. Professors at UCSD can only teach lessons when three different races are involved. Hanna Rosin, creator of DoubleX and an editor for the Atlantic, wrote about a professor who proposed that she would teach on Asians, Irish and Jews, but her proposal was rejected on the grounds that both Irish and Jews are white. In this case the university is stressing the importance of diversity, but in admissions they are not acknowledging how their schools are less diverse with Proposition 209 in affect. These facts show that by letting in minorities, you are giving that person who didn’t have the same privileges and opportunities growing up, the chance to attend college and excel. I grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where 60% of my middle school was African-American. I learned through experience in Pittsburgh that ever since blacks were discriminated against by whites, much of the black culture has not progressed in a positive manner. In my experience, the past several generations of blacks have been poorly educated and unmotivated. The fact that so many blacks (as we ll as other minorities) have been applying to universities is astonishing. You could say giving different ethnicities certain privileges is discrimination, but really it is helping the minorities, and in turn, helping the minorities benefits our society. Proposition 209 stops people--specifically admissions officers--from recognizing the different circumstances in which a person grows up, and giving them the chance to prove themselves. Admissions officers should give different ethniciteis and minorities advantages in admissions. Proposition 209 keeps universities from valuing minorities, and Proposition 209 should not be in affect.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Can Single-Parent Households Influence Adolescents To...

Single-parent households can influence adolescents to become abusers of their spouses, children and themselves and are expected to experience domestic violence in their lives. Rather than having the balance of a two-parent home, single-parented adolescents are constantly exposed to stressors and ultimately become abusers themselves. This leads to a vicious and continuous cycle that could lead to the destruction of generations thereafter. The trend of single-parent households are drastically increasing every year. The United States Census Bureau reported in 2013 that about 27.8 percent of children lived in a household with only a mother or only a father. In 2013, 23.7 percent of all children were living with their single mother and is†¦show more content†¦Adolescents in single-parent households that were probably subjected to abuse as a child may go on to exhibit similar behavior toward their children in the future. Eliana Gil, PhD, suggests that â€Å"some adults abused a s children do become aggressors†¦By acting out the role of the abuser, they may be unconsciously trying to understand why the earlier abuse occurred† (Gil, 1988). This clarifies the fact that though the adolescents may not at first demonstrate violent behavior, they may expose this role of the abuser when triggered later in life. Abused adolescents become abusers of their children due to frustration caused by how they were raised as a child, what current situation they may be in, or difficulties in accepting behaviors of their spouse or children. Ultimately, the individual abuses the people that are closest to them, such as spouses and children. As this continues, resentment and tension is built up within the family and thus recommencing the abusive cycle throughout generations. Single-parented adolescents are at a disadvantage because they often lack the luxuries and advantages that other children and adolescents with both parents present have. They lack the attention and nurturing that is given more often in an ideal family structure. This may be due to the parent giving all their time, effort, and energy trying to provide for the children and adolescents that they unintentionally forfeit opportunities toShow MoreRelatedJuvenile Delinquency Has Increased Throughout The Years1421 Words   |  6 Pagesproblems for parents, schools, and communities. In 2007 juvenile courts dealt with a large amount of juvenile delinquents. About 4,600 cases per day were being treated at the courts (Puzzanchera, Charles). One main reasons for the cause of juvenile delinquency is the family structure and the type of relationship the parent have with their children. Family structure in the United States has changed over the past years. Many children are growing up in different homes. Some adolescents live in homesRead MoreThe Family Disease Model And The Multisystemic Family Therapy Model Essay1259 Words   |  6 PagesTherapy Model (MSFT). The Family Disease Model is based on the concept that addiction is a disease, and that this disease affects the whole household. Family members who are not addicted may become codependent on the addict for their emotional or material support. This model aims to treat the entire family by approaching addiction as a condition that can be addressed through modifications in behavior or environment. Family therapy in substance abuse treatment has two main purposes. First, itRead MoreThe Effects Of Drug Abuse On Our Life3393 Words   |  14 Pagesabuse and what cause s it as this is a growing issue within adolescents in our world today. This essay will help to inform people into the negative impact drugs can have on your life and to also outline how an individual can refrain from such acts. It is worthy of investigation due to the fact that it will enable one to gain a greater understanding through science and research about how an individual within the aforementioned age group can be influenced by differing factors, which ultimately lead toRead MoreEffects Of Substance Dependence On A Person s Brain2412 Words   |  10 PagesCaron 204). Risk for substance dependence varies from one person to another; there are so many factors that can influence it, including just personality and certain attitudes people have. The psychology of a person’s brain is so complex that it would be impossible to determine every single thing that affects a person’s risk for substance dependence. There are some factors, however, that can be studied and mea sured - and studies have been done on those factors to determine the best course of actionRead MoreEssay on What lies in the future of our youth? 2611 Words   |  11 Pagestoday. Youth delinquency is a massively growing problem in the United States today. Youth delinquency â€Å"refers to abnormal social or legal behavior by children or adolescents, for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers. There are a multitude of different theories on the causes of crime, most if not all of which can be applied to the causes of youth crime† (Youth Delinquency, 1999 p.1). A youth (juvenile) delinquent is one who repeatedly commits crime. There are multiple reasonsRead MoreThe Effect Parents Have on Their Children. Essay1733 Words   |  7 PagesWhy is it important that parents make wise decisions? It is important because these choices not only affect themselves but also affect their children. Parents and caregivers are vital to the development and growth of children. Parents play a crucial role in every stage of childhood and can play a positive role in helping them get the best out of life. The most simplest decisions in a parents life could da mage the life of a child. Thats why the way parents raise their children play an important roleRead MoreYouth Substance Use And Abuse1908 Words   |  8 Pagesand secondary sources were utilized, providing a broad picture of the ever-growing challenge of youth substance use/abuse. This review shall then summarise and conclude the findings of substance use and abuse in today’s youth and how this information can potentially benefit professionals working with this population/generation. Introduction Substance use/abuse is a dominant part in our society today and there is a significant increase number of youth becoming involved in this aspect of our cultureRead More Poverty and Crime in America Essay3689 Words   |  15 Pages Crime in this country is an everyday thing. Some people believe that crime is unnecessary. That people do it out of ignorance and that it really can be prevented. Honestly, since we live in a country where there is poverty, people living in the streets, or with people barely getting by, there will always be crime. Whether the crime is robbing food, money, or even hurting the people you love, your family. You will soon read about how being a criminal starts or even stops, where it beginsRead MorePoverty in African American Minority Neighborhoods1756 Words   |  8 Pagesstarving. Poverty is defined by Charles Booth, in 1886, as â€Å"very poor as those whose means were insufficient according to the ‘normal standards’ of life in this country† (Jose 67). Children who live in poverty are more likely to be in harm’s way. Harm can be considered both physical abuse and mental abuse. When a child is abused it affects them everywhere they go. They cannot hide from their life. When children go to school, their home life follows them. â€Å"In 2009-2010, 9 percent of all secondaryRead MoreThe Long Term Effects on Children Who Are Exposed to Domestic Violence7097 Words   |  28 Pagesby Belmonte (2007) provides the working definition for the present research, noting that domestic abuse, also known as spousal abuse, occurs when one person in an intimate relationship or marriage tries to dominate and control the other person. An abuser doesnt play fair. He or she uses fear, guilt, shame, and intimidation to wear you down and gain complete power over you. (Belmonte, 1) The correlation between the occurrence of violence against women and violence against children is also an important

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Golden Rule - 669 Words

Jorie Madderra Composition 1- Eng101 9/7/2014 It is my belief that the world can be transformed if all of the human race followed one simple rule. This simple rule can be found throughout history and in virtually every culture. We know it in Western civilization as the â€Å"Golden Rule† or ethic of reciprocity. It simply means treat others as you would like to be treated. Be kind and help others just because it makes your soul smile. This golden rule of ethics only demands that we see beyond ourselves and are willing to treat others better then they treat us at times. It is argued that following in this belief leaves you open to being taken advantage of. Some people will see you as an easy target, weak, naà ¯ve even. Since we live in a†¦show more content†¦Retrieved from:Show MoreRelatedGolden Rule of Interpretation3260 Words   |  14 PagesGolden Rule Of Interpretation-Comparision Between English Law And Indian Law â€Æ' INTRODUCTION The golden rule is that the words of a statute must prima facie be given their ordinary meaning. It is yet another rule of construction that when the words of the statute are clear, plain and unambiguous, then the courts are bound to give effect to that meaning, irrespective of the consequences. It is said that the words themselves best declare the intention of the law-giver. In law, theRead MoreThe Rule And The Golden Rule Essay1373 Words   |  6 Pageslead according to the Golden Rule (Nodstrom Hall, 1986). However, the Golden Rule could be counterproductive because it states that we should treat others, as we prefer to be treated. When leadership is practiced according to the Golden rule, it does not take into consideration the different motivation of employees. Potentially, conflict would ensue because the Golden Rule does not consider the needs and/or feelings of the employee. This research considers the Platinum Rule, treat others as theyRead MoreThe Golden Fleece And The Golden Rule880 Words   |  4 Pagesingrained in the heads of children for years, a saying that is supposed to keep the children from fighting and annoying their parents with the petty squabbles of youth. The fact that it is known as â€Å"The Golden Rule† demonstrates its high status among the rules taught to children. In ancient Greece, a similar rule was forced upon children and can be found as a common theme woven into many ancient Greek myths, but the punishment for disobeying was far more severe. In ancient Greece, one of the main goals inRead MoreThe Importance Of The Golden Rule905 Words   |  4 PagesThe Golden Rule What Is The Golden Rule? The â€Å"Golden Rule† is the name given to a principle Jesus taught in His Sermon On The Mount. The actual words â€Å"Golden Rule† are not found in Scripture, just as the words â€Å"Sermon on the Mount† are also not found. These titles were later added by Bible translation teams in order to make Bible study a little easier. The phrase â€Å"Golden Rule† began to be ascribed to this Jesus’ teaching during the 16th–17th centuries. ABRAHAMIC RELIGIONS Find a piece of scriptureRead MoreBp Golden Rules1538 Words   |  7 PagesGolden Rules of Safety [pic] Golden Rules of Safety Study Guide 1. Purpose of the Golden Rules of Safety The Golden Rules of Safety address the eight highest risk activities, that as a company, we perform. Many of our 2000 incidents directly involved these areas. The purpose behind the Golden Rules is to provide employees and contractors with a comprehensive understanding of these risk areas. The Golden Rules are standards that we will not violate. By enforcing and emphasizingRead MoreThe Significance Of Statutory Interpretation1433 Words   |  6 Pagesgave the word, ‘passenger’ multiple meanings. In 1978, the parliament passed the Interpretation Act ( ), in order to set out rules for courts to interpret acts. The Interpretation Act ( ), has developed three rules to provide judges a framework of interpretation of statue. The rules used for interpretation of statue are; Literal Rule, Golden Rule and the Mischief rule. Nevertheless, interpreting statues could have different meanings which is, illustrated in the case of Cheeseman v DPP. ThereRead MoreStatutory Interpretation Of The Law Of Interpretation1453 Words   |  6 Pagesincludes 3 rules; The literal rule, the golden rule, and the mischief rule. The literal rule is one of the main type of statutory interpretation which tell that it should be interpreted using ordinary meaning of the language, It modify word by word. The words of an act are clear, the court has nothing to do, you have to respect the rule even if the rule does not make sense. The literal rule is the first rule that was applied by the judges. There are a lot of disadvantages in the literal rule, one ofRead MoreThe Golden Rule Essay1865 Words   |  8 Pagesunethical to us could possibly be a way of life for that particular culture. If they think they are right about their morals and ethics, how can we judge them? Here in America we do have a ‘standard set of morals† but who’s to say that we all follow those rules? Thank God we don’t live in a â€Å"tyranny† country, where we had no rights and we had to do whatever we were told to do, whether it was right or wrong. I think we all should take in consideration the situation before we make a decision. Sometimes someRead MoreStatutory Interpretation Of An Act Of Parliament1548 Words   |  7 Pageswhich are not distinctly conveyed. The courts retain the responsibility when the implications of that statute are ambiguous to ascertain Parliaments objectives on how the law should be applied. This essay will examine the approaches and methodical rules which direct judges in the interpretation of statutes, referencing and scrutinising pertinent case law, with specific emphasis on R v Bentham , whereby the wording within the legislation was deliberated by the House of Lords who eventually quashedRead MoreThe Separation Of Powers Of The United States1351 Words   |  6 Pagesthose words to cause confusion. Therefore, it is the job of judiciary to decide what did parliament meant. The rules of statutory interpretation is the guide for the judges to interpret what Parliament meant in the statute. There are four rules of interpretation; Literal Rule, Golden Rule, Mischief Rule, and Purposive Approach. THE LITERAL RULE Judges will always start with literal rule where judges should apply the words according to their ordinary, plain and natural meaning even if it leads to

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Times Have Changed Essay Example For Students

Times Have Changed Essay Times Have Changed Times have changed dramatically inthe past thirty years. The style of living, the sizes of families,and education have all changed dramatically. During thefifties, sixties, and most of the early seventies teenagerswere thinking about going off to war or starting a family. Very few teenagers coming out of high school werethinking about college. Slowly as times started to change,more and more people were going off to college. Today atthe end of the nineties, very few people do not go off tocollege. Instead of high school students thinking aboutstarting families or going off to war, they have a biggerdecision to make. What college to attend. This decision willaffect ones entire life; how they live, where they work,what size family they are going to have, and sometimeswhom they will marry. Today, choosing a college is almostone of the biggest decisions one would have to make. Theanswer to this question will affect them for life. Finding agood job in the workforce is getting more difficult as timegoes on. Employers are looking for individuals who aresmart and can add something to the company; thecompetition is fierce. They are no longer acceptingteenagers right out of High School. They are looking forpeople in their mid- twenties with a four-year degree,so metimes even a graduate level degree. Many hypothesizethat this is because companies are paying their employeesmore. Another hypothesis is that they are trying to moveforward. These companies are trying to expand on whatthey already have. There is a race to become the biggestand the best. Therefore, they are looking to collegestudents who are specialized and know about the field. They are willing to pay college graduates a lot of moneybecause they have faith that they will earn it back. Duringthe fifties, sixties, and early seventies companies werehappy to be getting anyone. With the wars going on and theprotests for peace, most fresh workers were occupied. These companies were willing to pay and train anyone thatmight have been interested. Their selection was not as greatas it is now. The selection of workers today is enormous. Therefore, college students today have to work harder toappear better than the next person. They need to sellthemselves on paper. It is hard to do this without a goodcollege name on ones resume. One should keep in mind allthat has changed in thirty years. Imagine what can change infour years. The difficulty of getting a job could increase. With that, the amount of people applying for the same job,with the same qualifications can also increase in difficulty. The power of a good education should not beunderestimated; in many cases, it means a good future. Category: Miscellaneous

Thursday, April 16, 2020

The Narmar Palette Essay Example For Students

The Narmar Palette Essay The Naqada III phase, also known as Dynasty 0, was a time when the process of state formation became highly notable in Egypt. This process presumably began as early as Naqada I and proceeded into Naqada III where named kings ruled powerful polities, though they were not part of any dynasty. During the Predynastic Period, ancient Egypt underwent a constant process of political unification that culminated in the establishment of a single monarch by the start of the First Dynasty. Among the many rulers of the Predynastic, King Narmer was the most prominent one because Egyptians of the First Dynasty considered him as a founder-figure ? (Wilkinson 23). It is also during the Predynastic Era that Egyptian language was written in the form of hieroglyphs. The Narmer Palette is one of many artifacts dating to Naqada III that is highly rich in hieroglyphic depictions, as well as iconographic representations. Until today, the Narmer Palette is the most important document pertaining to the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt and an icon representing ancient Egypt as a nation. We will write a custom essay on The Narmar Palette specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The Narmer Palette dates to Naqada III, which is roughly around 3,000 B. C. The Palette was unearthed in the main deposit ? in a temple enclosure at Hierakonpolis, the Predynastic capital of Upper Egypt (southern Egypt). Hierakonpolis was also recognized as the center of worship for the god Horus. The Palette is about 64 centimeters in height and it is carved out of dark green-colored schist in raised relief. It has the shape of a shield and is decorated on both the front and back. There are numerous decorations on both sides that consist of animals, people (both dead and alive), weaponry and different types of hieroglyphs. Each side is also divided into three horizontal zones with the use of thick and thin register lines. These register lines help organize its complex nature and according to Davis, the images are to be read ? in a specific way. This indicates that the Palette itself serves as a complex narrative representation ? (20). At first glance, the viewer is able to see all the fine details within the artwork and such precision exudes the amount of skill and time that is needed in making this type of object. When an art form requires a great level of skill and time, it is usually made for ritualistic purposes, not for mundane use. Therefore, it is possible that the Palette had a ceremonial ? or liturgical ? nature (Davis 18). The shape, size, amount of decorations and the fact that it has been well preserved for nearly five millennia suggests that the Palette was set up for display in a residence, temple, or public place, or stored and used on special ritual occasions ? (18). The Narmer Palette consists of different animalistic iconography on both surfaces. The top edges of both the front and back are decorated with two forward bovid heads each. These heads have human faces, with each face showing a different expression of the mouth and eyes than the one preceding it and they also differ in the way they fill their bounded space. (Fairservise Jr. 7). For example, the bovid on the top left of the right side palette is slightly bigger than the one on the right side. The massive size and curves of the horns suggest that these animals could be buffalos (7). They are sometimes recognized as Hathor, which is the divine mother of the Egyptian Pharaoh, or as the cow-goddess Bat ? (Davis 30). It is possible that these bovids are more likely representing Narmer and stressing his power and strength (Fairservise Jr. 7). Between the two bovids on both palette sides is a figure that is referred to as a serekh. A serekh is an iconographic element typical of the Archaic Period that was used to represent the Horus names of leaders/kings. The serekh on the Narmer Palette looks like a niched palace faA §ade (5). Within the serekh are two hieroglyphs, the nar-fish and mer-chisel?, which stand for Narmers name. The top edges of both sides are separated from the rest of the zones on the Palette by thin horizontal register lines (Davis 31). The middle zone on the left obverse shows two serpopards. ? These creatures are mythological because they are a mix between a leopards body and a serpents neck. They are shown with their serpent necks intertwined in a way where they form a concave circular area known as a cosmetic saucer ? (Davis 41). On cosmetic palettes this circular region was where the cosmetics were put for use (Ancient-Egypt). Two men, who are thought to be the kings followers, are shown tightening a loop around the serpopards necks very easily. This tying together of the necks and the taming of these wild creatures has often been translated as the representation for unifying Upper and Lower Egypt under Narmers rule (Ancient-Egypt). However, Wilkinson describes the intertwined serpopards ? as symbolizing the opposing forces in nature that the king had to keep in check (28). .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef , .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .postImageUrl , .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef , .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:hover , .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:visited , .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:active { border:0!important; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:active , .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5886808c7bed91d6ca0eabeee415b0ef:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The monist EssayThe last section of the Palette shows what looks like a bull possibly breaking into a fortified city. The bull here is represented more physically in comparison to the bovid at the top edges of the Palette. The fact that its head is pointing down shows that it is a powerful charging bull (Fairservise Jr. 17). The animal is shown trampling on a naked, longhaired person, perhaps an enemy who is trying to escape. Fairservise points out that the way the mans arms and legs are positioned exposes a sense of weakness and maybe even death (17). It is evident that Narmer is not depicted in this zone in human form, however he is embodied as a dominant fighting bull pursuing and conquering his enemy (Davis 33). The broken fragments to the right of the longhaired person represent the destroyed citadel or maybe even some sort of particular shrine for which the bull, or Narmer, is held accountable (Fairservise Jr. 17). Another animal one can notice on the right side of the Narmer Palette is the falcon or hawk. It is clear that the bird is lifting a head, which most probably is the head of one of Narmers enemies. Fairservise interprets this icon in greater detail by saying that the falcons represented on palettes found in Hierakonpolis represent the relationship between the cult god Horus and the king (10). The symbol of this falcon on the Narmer Palette therefore depicts the concept of Narmer being the living form of the god Horus. The falcon stands atop six papyrus plants, which indicates that it might be in a marshy land referencing the type of land in the Nile Delta (Ancient-Egypt). However, there have been different interpretations suggesting that the papyrus plant represents the number 1000 and that the falcon-king subdued 6000 enemies ? (Ancient-Egypt). The hawk is also represented having a human arm. This reinforces the idea that a hawk has the ability to seize, combined with the rulers identical ability to do so ? (Fairservise Jr. 10). Therefore, the human arm on the hawk combined with the rope attached to the humans nostrils represents the act of seizing not only a person but also a particular region. A viewer of the Narmer Palette cant help but notice the large motif that occupies the middle zone on the Palettes right side. Here, the human form of Narmer is represented at a much greater scale relative to the surrounding images because the idea of demonstrating dominance by comparative size is often a characteristic of royal superiority in Dynastic Egypt ? (Fairservise Jr. 9). One of the many notable articles of clothing is Narmers headdress. He is wearing the White Crown of Upper Egypt, which was worn by all other rulers of that region. He is holding a mace in one hand and preparing to strike the enemy that hes holding with his other hand. This is a depiction of Narmer as determinative ? because he is planning to smite his opponent who is labeled Harpoon ? (Fairservise Jr. 9). Beneath Narmers feet in the very last zone of the right side of the Palette, there are two naked figures that are looking over their shoulders and fleeing from the ruler. Fairservise says that these two figures appear to be swimming ? and the swimming ? posture is indicative of people running away from Narmer (11). The king is also wearing an artificial beard similar to the ones that other figures in the Palette are wearing, and according to Fairservise, artificially bearded individuals are considered chiefs, ? with Narmer being superior to them (9). When studying his facial features, it is obvious that Narmers eyes are very wide; his ears are circular and protruding forward, and his face structure overall is short and square relative to his body size. Narmer wears a plain shoulder piece that is attached to a skirt using a thick clasp suggesting that the skirt is made of a heavy type of fabric (possible leather) (9). The belt on the skirt has four bull-headed pendants and this is symbolically significant because it is an archetype for later sacred Pharaohnic clothing (Fairservise Jr. 10). Accompanying Narmer is a man who is carrying the kings sandals on his left wrist. Wilkinson says, It is likely that the highest offices of state were reserved for members of the royal family in the Early Dynastic Period ? (30). This statement accounts for the official who is preceding Narmer because it was possible that this bald man was recognized as the kings oldest son (30). .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 , .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .postImageUrl , .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 , .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:hover , .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:visited , .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:active { border:0!important; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:active , .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692 .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud9bfedae6209bc92e2c3c971f00ac692:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Egyptian Art: Sakhmet EssayOther interpretations suggest that the man behind Narmer is a seal bearer as indicated by the rosette symbol (a royal emblem) and the club (Ancient Egypt Online). Narmer is represented in human form on the Palettes left obverse side in the second zone as well, however his image size is comparatively small than the human form on the right side. In contrast to the obverse side, here he wears the Red Crown of Lower Egypt. He holds a whip in his right hand and a mace in his left (Fairservise Jr. 13). Narmer wears similar clothing as he did on the recto side of the Palette. The belt is similar to the previously described one but Faiservise says that the skirt is decorated a little differently and that there is no symbolic significance; the purpose of the different decorations is meant to contrast the two robes of Narmer  ­ †one as an expression of power, the other, of affluence ? (10). This interpretation can be suggestive of the fact that Narmer has already conquered the region of Lower Egypt, hence why he is wearing the Red Crown; therefore, he does not need to show that he has power because that is already evident. Rather he is more interested in showing the wealth that his victory brings to him. Behind him is the bald man again holding Narmers shoes with the same rosette symbol depicted on top of him. In front of Narmer is what appears to be a woman holding two papyrus plants that are bending downwards. Her long hair and bare-shouldered dress indicate that she indeed is a woman. The fact that she holds an active stance in front of Narmer suggests that she is of royalty, perhaps Narmers queen (Fairservise Jr. 14). The four standing different figures in front of the king and woman are thought to be the various types of supporters of Narmer. There is a sparrow and a door see on the upper right corner and these two symbols together are thought to mean, found ? (Ancient-Egypt). The single boat seen next to the sparrow could represent one of the warships used during battle (15). Below the boat are ten dead bodies with each of the decapitated heads in-between the legs of the body that they belonged to. The bodies are also tied up around the elbows. The decapitated heads show that these men were wearing the artificial beards that were mentioned earlier. This indicates that these ten people were possibly former chiefs of Lower Egypt who were all defeated by Narmer (16). The lining-up of these ten executed bodies suggests that this might have been a way that Narmers administration performed a headcount of all the people that were killed during battle (Lecture 1/23/14). This entire scene perhaps depicts the founding of a new province in Lower Egypt, whose name is represented by the falcon and harpoon atop the single boat (Ancient Egypt). The Palettes use of such sophisticated iconic representation suggests that Predynastic Egypt had already developed its hieroglyphic system, as well as its stone-carving mechanisms in an outstanding way prior to King Narmers rule. As Fairservise says, the palette is a testament to the level of sophistication of both the Archaic iconography and hieroglyphic writing in general ? (20). It reveals the high artistic and symbolic level achieved throughout the Archaic Period. Today, the Palette rests in the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Egypt, Cairo. Though the art piece is taken out of its context, the Narmer Palette still offers its viewer a full illustrative textualization of a story pertaining to one of the most influential and well-known victories of not only the Predynastic Era but also the Archaic Period. Bibliography Whitney Davis. Narrativity and the Narmer Palette.   Narrative and Event in Ancient Art. Ed. Peter J. Holliday. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. 14-54. Print. W. A. Fairservis Jr. A Revised View of the NaÊ ¿rmr Palette.   Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt Vol. 28. (1991): pp. 1-20. JSTOR. Web. 28 Jan 2014. Toby A. H. Wilkinson. What a King Is This: Narmer and the Concept of the Ruler.  The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Vol. 86. (2000): pp. 23-32. JSTOR. Web. 28 Jan 2014. The Narmer Palette. The Ancient Egypt Site. 8 June, 2013. Web. 27 Jan 2014. http://www.ancient-egypt.org/index.html Ancient Egypt: Early Dynastic Period-Narmer Palette. Ancient Egypt Online. 2010. Web. 27 Jan 2014. http://ancientegyptonline.co.uk/Narmerpalette.html

Friday, March 13, 2020

Elections essays

Elections essays There are actually many definitions of civil society. But with all its working definitions, I understand civil society as a certain domain that is independent of the state. According to Sidney Silliman, civil society seeks benefits, political reform and accountability from the state but it does not aim to gain formal power nor is it there to overthrow the government. As the country develops to keep up with the modern world, the political system also becomes more complex and in addition, the people become more difficult to control. This is why there has been an ongoing rise for civil society groups, many of which assume the functions and processes normally associated with governments to try and compensate with the current situation. Citizen activism in the Philippines has been generally caused by our deteriorating socioeconomic conditions, the corruption which goes on in different parts of the political system and the failure of the government to address and mend them. Citizens have then come together and organized different civil society groups in response to these circumstances to either compensate for the states failures or to pressure the state to correct its policies. Election, both local and national, especially in the Philippine context, has been a very controversial issue for the longest time. We have heard of different cases such as vote buying, presence of deceased/flying voters, and taking of ballot boxes among others. This only decreases the credibility of the choices of people we can put into power. The most likely outcome would be the discouragement of the public to vote for the different candidates since the winner would most likely be a product of injustice. The Philippines, being a democratic country, needs citizen organizations to participate in the election process to help educate the masses about the importance of elections and the urgency of voting and also to be there to monitor every aspect of the ...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Managing Property Businesses Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1

Managing Property Businesses - Essay Example based businesses are easy to operate and have no fuss, than one must think again, yes there are exceptions but one is likely to find same fuss in the service based business as in manufacturing business. A service based business that is going to be discussed is â€Å"property business†, it sounds simple to hear it, but very difficult if all things are kept in mind while planning for a property business, the first impression that might appears after listening â€Å"property business† is perhaps small business, with simple operations though it can be very tough to operate it, the property business should be started keeping in mind following few factors. Property businesses provide pure services to the clients, the dealer performs the role of a middleman or a broker, there is a seller and a buyer, the seller or buyer contacts the dealer and the dealer responds to the seller or buyer on a particular property if available, though it has also been seen that people usually buy properties at their own and than sell it to buyers having buying power, so to get the buyer’s and seller’s attention the Location of the office is important as it should be in clear view to the clients or otherwise you should have done heavy investment in advertising to keep them aware. If the business is relocated than there must be so many reasons for that, one mentioned earlier might be location, the other one may be high overheads and perhaps a threat of bankruptcy, or may be the firm was unable to collect the receivables from clients and thus the firm was in loss, so the firm should reduce its operating costs, may be by eliminating employees, hiring people on commission basis rather than going for fixed salaries and so, it would definitely help the firm to operate itself with in the budget. When the business consists of a lot of dealing than the communication side must be very strong, one can say that in such businesses it is all about to convince or persuade the clients, and let them